Neurodevelopment  Nutrition

Nutrition and Neuro Development
Nutritional and Health Factors Play a crucial role in learning and address underlying causes with behaviour problems. Alergies, food allergies, mercury, chemical sensitivities and other issues that compromise learning and development.

The role of nutrients brain development in child and adults is very important. Many of the key nutrients identified important to NeuroDevelopment include

the long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA),
docosohexaenoic acid (DHA) and
arachidonic acid (AA) DHA, is strongly associated with fish consumption, but this is also the predominant source of the neurotoxicant methyl mercury (MeHg).
Iodine: the benefits of optimal iodine or thyroid status are likely to be directly related to NeuroDevelopment during late fetal growth. Iodine supplementation given before the third trimester predicted higher psychomotor test scores for children relative to those provided iodine later in pregnancy or at two years of age.
Iodine deficiency (ID): this is the single most important cause of preventable brain damage after starvation. ID can produce different degrees of mental retardation [ fs/neurodevelopment/fact121.html]. Damages in the Central nervous system are seen in some people with neurological cretinism, neurological deficits can occur with ID.
Choline appears to be benefical and is found in a range of foods with eggs and fish being a particularly rich source
Choline: induce spatial memory facilitation in rodents because changes the distribution and morphology of neurons involved in memory storage within the brain. Also produce biochemical changes in the hippocampus via the cholinergic system; and electrophysiological changes in the hippocampus.
Choline also protects against neurotoxicity in the rat. Whether these choline availability findings in rats are applicable to humans is open to conjecture. Certainly, there are major differences in developmental physiology in that human and rat brains mature at different rates, the rat brain is comparatively more mature at birth than is the human brain while hippocampal development in humans may continue for months or years after birth.
Iron: Iron deficiency is very common on many human populations. Infants are likely to be the most vulnerable during the brain growth spurt from 6 to 23 months. Iron deficiency in infants leaves a permanent cognitive deficit A slowed central neural processing is a key component in neural dysfunction in iron deficiency, even without anaemia. the mechanisms associated with behavioural and cognitive developmental delays observed in iron-deficient infants include abnormalities in neurotransmitter metabolism, decreased myelin formation and alterations in brain metabolism. Some vegetables, meat and fish are particularly rich sources of dietary iron and also have high bioavailability.
Zinc and copper are other trace elements, deficiencies of which are known to cause abnormalities in neurological development in animals but human data are sparse Such sequelae appear to be found only in severe deficiencies. For example, there is no effect of zinc supplementation of pregnant women (with plasma zinc concentrations below the established median for gestational age in the population) on the mental and psychomotor development of their children at 5 years. Nevertheless fish, and especially shellfish, are particularly rich in both of these trace elements. Measurement of body status of either of these trace elements, however, is fraught with difficulty.
Vitamin B 6 and riboflavin have direct effects on NeuroDevelopment both prenatally and postnatally and may also impact on MeHg toxicity.
Nutrition and Neuro Development Links
Aging, the Brain, and Nutrition
Berry Facts
Blueberries for Your Health
Blueberries May Restore Some Memory, Coordination and Balance Lost with Age
Brain Food: Eat to Nourish Your Brain
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Your Miracle Brain by Jean Carper (An Excellent Review of Recent Findings of Nutritional Neuroscience)
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